Intermediary was formed in 2002 as part of Hammerman PLLC (a full service business and intellectual property law boutique located in Washington, D.C.). Hammerman PLLC serves as copyright holders’ advocate (or “intermediary”) before the United States Copyright Office, the U.S. Copyright Royalty Board, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, copyright and intellectual property offices and collectives worldwide to register works, assert claims, and recover royalties due and payable to rights holders for their re-transmitted television programming, to claim and audit royalties for musical works from performing rights organizations, and to collect fees for musical works transmitted (web cast or streamed) over the Internet. Intermediary was established originally as a separate part of the company to consolidate multiple, similar contingency-fee based, and other intellectual property matters. In recent years, the Firm has expanded to represent clients with respect to their trademark matters before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and state regulatory agencies. Now, Intermediary is a trade name used by Hammerman PLLC.